PET Scans May Be Overused On Lung Cancer Survivors

The American Cancer Society estimates that 224,000 Americans will be diagnosed with lung cancer in the coming year. Some 158,000 people will die from the disease. Those who are successful in their fight against the disease, be it through surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or all three, will find medical follow-ups will become a part of their normal routine. After all, should the cancer return, the best way to beat it again is to detect it early so action can be taken rapidly. One test commonly used to track survivors, however, is being overused a new study has found. While highly effective, PET scans are costly and do not improve survival rates over the long haul, researchers say.

PET scans offer clinicians an accurate, in-depth look inside the body. Frequently used to detect cancer and other diseases, these tests are relatively simple, but they are quite costly to perform. In most cases, PET scans are meant to be used after other tests indicate the need for follow-up. Researchers have found that in many cases they are being used as a screen of first resort.

Medicare limits PET scan follow-ups for lung cancer survivors to three. This is not to cut quality of care, rather to control expenses. Since other, less costly tests, can serve as a good first line of defense, the recommendation is to use them first and then follow with a PET scan should red flags exist in the initial test. Researchers have found, however, that in many cases the recommendations are not being followed. A study of more than 100,000 people nationwide with lung or esophageal cancer found that about 22 percent of lung cancer patients had PET scans alone. The number rose to 31 percent for esophageal cancer survivors.

While it is understood patients and their doctors might prefer going to what is perceived as being the best test available first, the move doesn’t improve outcomes, researchers say. The study found that survival rates were no better for people who had PET scans first versus those who were tracked using less costly procedures.

Lung cancer is a serious condition that can sometimes be treated effectively if caught in an early stage. While PET scans are an effective diagnostic tool, their overuse provides no clinical benefits, the study concluded. With that in mind, doctors and their patients are advised to take a less costly path in follow-ups initially and reserve PET scans for only when there is an indicated need.

Top Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma?

There are many types of skin cancer, the most common being basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. But many other types of skin cancer are very different in all aspects of these three types. One of these other types of skin cancers is called cutaneous T cell lymphoma or CTCL cancer. Lymphoma is a cancer that cells and cells of the lymphatic system affected.

Types of Skin Cancer

The functioning of the lymphatic system so complex and is responsible for the immunity of the body. A type of cell in the lymphatic system is a T cell is so called because they mature in the thymus, an organ located in the thoracic cavity. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is primarily not a skin cancer, but cancer of the lymphatic system, where T-cells to mutate. As the body tries to eject these cells, they make their way to the skin, where result in skin lesions or abnormal tissue.

First, they look like a rash, but the shape, size and color of the skin lesion as the cancer grows and goes through various phases. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is a rare type of cancer.

Merkel Cell Cancer

Other types of skin cancer are Kaposi’s sarcoma, a cancer, usually in patients with AIDS. Not examine many cancers are Kaposi’s sarcoma caused by a virus is the result of being infected with the virus human herpes virus 8

It is named after Moritz Kaposi Hungarian scientist who discovered over a century earlier. Kaposi’s sarcoma produces red, black and purple lesions on different parts of the body, including skin, digestive and respiratory tracts.

Other types of skin cancer are cancer of the cells Merkel. This cancer is called Merkel cells in the body, the hormones that are necessary for the functioning of the nervous system is crucial to produce.

Merkel Cell Cancer is very aggressive and spreads quickly. This means that the differences in aggressive and has a high mortality .In this form of cancer, lesions form in skin and hair follicles of the face, neck and scalp. These lesions are painless nodules and could pink, blue or red.

Sebaceous Carcinoma

Sebaceous Carcinoma Among other types of skin cancer is cancer of the sebaceous glands. It develops in the sebaceous or oil producing glands of the skin .These glands produce an oily substance called sebum, which again prevents the surface of the skin dates by the hair follicles, and that moisture from the skin.

Sebaceous carcinoma is another type of aggressive cancer, is spreading like wildfire. It often spreads to other body organs such as lymph nodes, bones and even the brain. This cancer is rare in other types of skin cancer.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Representing over 75% of skin cancer are diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer develops.

These cancers are more common on the face, neck and hands. It is very treatable and rarely spreads to other parts of the body.

Symptoms include pain oozes meeting or bleeding, redness, an area that is irritated, an area of yellow or white-like scar, and a pink pearl.


Melanoma is the most dangerous and deadly type of skin cancer. It can develop anywhere on the body, however, hands, legs and trunk of the common area of the body. When detected early, should be treated as very good.

Symptoms include a new mole or freckle or color changes in the existing land size, shape and color. They may have an irregular contour, and if possible more than one color.

Your best defense in preventing skin cancer is to avoid excessive solar radiation. If you are outside, you should always wear sunscreen and stay in a shady area if possible!

Squamous cell carcinoma
Carcinoma is more serious because it has spread to vital organs of the body. Dissemination and in some cases by 100 is so late. Cancer cells tend to spread first only in the accuracy of lymphatic structures that filter and trap cancer cells. If the spread has occurred, the affected lymph nodes can prevent the cancer spreads to vital organs removed.

Ways to Reduce the Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third most common type of cancer in the United States and is responsible for more deaths than any other type besides lung cancer. Colorectal cancer refers to cancerous growths of the colon, the lower section of the intestines including the last section of the colon that connects to the rectum. Undetected polyps that eventually become cancerous cause the majority of these cases. Polyps are typically asymptomatic and small, often causing them to go undiagnosed until they become cancerous and begin to cause symptoms. With early detection and treatment of polyps as well as making a few lifestyle changes, the chances of developing this type of cancer can be significantly reduced.

Routine Screenings

Doctors recommend that people begin having colon screenings when they reach the age of 50 although those who have a family history of this type of cancer should begin having screenings at an earlier age. It is also recommended that American Indians and African Americans begin screenings when they turn 45. There are several different types of screenings available. These include fecal occult blood tests that should be done yearly, flexible signoidoscopy that is recommended every five years, colonoscopy screenings every 10 years and CT colonography, which is done every five years. Deciding on which type of screening to have should be discussed with a physician as each has its own benefits and depending on risk factors, more than one type of screening may be recommended as well as screenings that are more frequent. Colonoscopy is a common screening method as this procedure not only allows the physician to examine the colon for polyps, but if any are found, they can be removed immediately and tested for cancerous cells.

Prevention with Lifestyle Changes

Reducing the risk of colorectal cancer can also be achieved by simply eating right and exercising. According to the National Cancer Institute, diets should include low-fat foods as well as a variety of foods that help keep the colon healthy such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. These foods contain antioxidants to help rid the body of toxins, fiber to help keep the colon clean and vitamins and minerals to help keep the colon healthy and functioning properly. Alcohol consumption should be kept to a minimum and those who smoke should find ways to quit. Regular exercise is also important as well as maintaining proper weight. Although polyps often do not have any symptoms, if an individual experiences blood in their stool, black stool, diarrhea or constipation that last longer than a week or bleeding from the anus, an Idaho Falls gastroenterologist should be seen as soon as possible.

News On Breast Cancer Surgery

Do you ever feel like you know just enough about breast cancer in orange county and fort worth to be dangerous? Let’s see if we can fill in some of the gaps with the latest info from breast augmentation experts.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer and most common cause of cancer deaths among females in Australia. This cancer mostly affects women after the age of 40. Breast cancer is a tumour that has become malignant – it has developed from the breast cells. A ‘malignant’ tumour can spread to other parts of the body – it may also invade surrounding tissue. Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast tissue divide and grow without control. The cell cycle is the natural mechanism that regulates the growth and death of cells.

Women over the age of 50 have four times the incidence of breast cancer compared to women below 50. Breast cancer remains a leading cause of death among women, according to the National Cancer Institute.

Once you begin to move beyond basic background information, you begin to realize that there’s more to breast augmentation in orange county and fort worth than you may have first thought.

Longer periods of high oestrogen levels lead to a higher risk of breast cancer — for example, women who had their first period before the age of 12, entered menopause later than 55, and either didn’t have children or had their first child when they were older than 30. Breast Cancer can be treated effectively if it is detected early enough. Some 95 percent of breast cancers are discovered by the patient herself when she notices a lump.

Breast cancer follows this classic progression though it often becomes systemic or widespread early in the course of the disease. By the time one can feel a lump in the breast it is often 0.4 inches, or one centimetre, in size and contains roughly a million cells.

Treatments with greater efficacy and/or fewer side effects are constantly being tested. This article describes how to keep up with improving treatments that might help you. Treatment is more likely to work well when cancer is found early. Treatment for breast cancer includes surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and endocrine/anti-hormone therapy.

When word gets around about your command of breast cancer facts, others who need to know about breast augmentation in orange county and fort worth will start to actively seek you out.

What Causes Hair Loss in Woman

Generally, the normal people may lose 50 to 100 strands of hair per day. This amount of hair loss cannot cause the hair is thinning or balding. Just imagine, we have more over 100.000 strands of hair in our scalp. So, lose 50 or 100 strand of hair is not a big problem.
But, when the strands of hair may begin loss in a big amount, it is the worst problem. Before we treat this problem, it is better for us to know and understand about the causes of hair lost. The listed below may help you to more understand about some causes of hair loss. Let’s check this out!

Hereditary condition called female – pattern baldness or male – pattern baldness is the most common cause of hair loss. Permanent hair loss in genetically susceptible people is caused from certain sex hormones. The type of hair thinning in most common men may begin as early as puberty. Hormonal imbalances and changes when the onset of menopause, discontinuation of birth control, pregnancy or childbirth may also cause temporary hair loss in most common women. Stress may also affect the hormones in human body, which can trigger hair loss. Drugs and alcohols can also affect hormones in some people.

Hair loss can also due to a variety of medical conditions, include:
– Scalp infections. Ringworm is the commonly infections in human scalp, which can invade the skin and hair of your scalp. This condition can lead to hair loss problem. Fortunately, the hair will grow back when the infections in scalp are treated.
– Alopecia areata. When the body’s immune system attacks hair follicles, Alopecia areata will occur. Rounding patches of hair loss can due to this disease.
– Thyroid problem. Hormone levels in your body are regulated with the help of the thyroid gland. Hair loss may result when the thyroid gland cannot work properly.
– Other skin disorders. Some types of lupus and lichen planus may cause scare on the scalp. Where the scars occur, the result is permanent hair loss.

Some drugs to treat some disease can also cause hair loss, include:
– High blood pressure
– Depression
– Cancer
– Heart problems, and
– Arthritis

Many people claim, after an emotional or physical shock, they have experience a general thinning of hair in several months. Besides can cause hair loss, and emotional or physical shock can cause excessive or sudden weight loss and high fever. Moreover, an emotional or physical shock can cause a death in the family if this condition is not treated promptly.
Cornrows or pigtails are the common hairstyles that can cause hair loss. That is because the hair is pulled tightly and can cause traction hair loss. Use a hairstyle product such as curling iron, straight iron and hot rollers can trigger hair to damage. When hair is damaged, it can easily fragile and loss.

Your Great Info For Cancer Tests

Cancer Tests.

Ovarian cancer is a serious form of cancer that is hard to treat. The symptoms don’t usually make themselves known early, and there are no screening tests for early detection. There are several ways to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer such as a diet low in fat, sugar and red meat. Keeping weight down, and taking birth control pills can also reduce the risk. As a last resort, some women choose to have their ovaries removed after childbearing. This removes the risk entirely.

Consider adding selenium to your diet to help fight cancer. Selenium has proven beneficial in many laboratory tests. The positive effects can especially be seen when it comes to fighting prostate cancer. Consult your doctor before adding this supplement though, as it is counter productive if the dosage is too high. TIP! Ovarian cancer is a serious form of cancer that is hard to treat. The symptoms don’t usually make themselves known early, and there are no screening tests for early detection.

Cancer is a word that most people dread hearing all their lives. Many don’t even get regular check-ups for fear of this word. But by taking advantage of the latest cancer screening tests, such as mammography and colonoscopy, you will give yourself the best odds of never having to hear the dreaded “C” word!

If a close family member has suffered from cancer or has passed on due to cancer, take into account that you need to have screening done for cancer. Early detection is important and disclose information to your doctor so they can administer tests and screenings for cancer in your own body. TIP! Consider adding selenium to your diet to help fight cancer. Selenium has proven beneficial in many laboratory tests.

Detecting cancer at its earliest stages is the next best thing to prevention. Some screening tests are mammograms for breast cancer and PSA tests for prostate cancer. There are also tests you should get that can find precancerous changes and have them treated before they progress to cancer. Keep a regular screening schedule and call your doctor if you notice anything out of the ordinary.

Older adults are at higher risk for developing certain types of cancer. Approximately 75% of cancers are diagnosed in people aged 55 and older. As the risk rises, so does the importance of staying healthy and physically fit. Regular doctor visits, normal body weight, a healthy diet, self-exams and cancer screening tests can all help to reduce the risk. TIP! If a close family member has suffered from cancer or has passed on due to cancer, take into account that you need to have screening done for cancer. Early detection is important and disclose information to your doctor so they can administer tests and screenings for cancer in your own body.

There are certain tests that aid in the early detection of certain cancers. These tests can detect cancer cells before they cause any symptoms, increasing the chances for successful treatment. See your doctor regularly and have the recommended tests for breast cancer, testicular cancer and pap smears. Early detection is key to surviving cancer.

You can overcome any cancer through early detection. Make sure that you make appointments regularly for screenings and tests that can detect the presence of cancer cells before symptoms begin to show. For cancers such as those of the breast and testes, make sure that you do monthly self-exams so that you can notice anything out of the ordinary.

There are screenings that detect if there is cancer present; however, there are also screenings, which detect any issues that may lead to cancer. Time flies by, and it is highly important to make sure you do these screenings and tests whenever its time.


It is not always easy to diagnose ovarian cancer. If you are having symptoms, make sure you go to a trusted physician. This is important in case they find out that you have cancer. They may perform a pelvic exam or a biopsy to see if there is anything suspicious.

It is important to know that pathology reports can make a mistake. If you are told that you have cancer, you may request that your doctor do another biopsy or test. You do not want to begin cancer treatment only to find out that you do not even have cancer.


Try to stay away from too much radiation exposure if you want to prevent yourself from getting cancer. Radiation can change normally healthy cells into dangerous ones that can cause cancer. However, it is also important to remember that having an X-Ray every now and then will not cause cancer.

Know Different Types Of Cancer

Types Of Cancer.

Older adults are at higher risk for developing certain types of cancer. Approximately 75% of cancers are diagnosed in people aged 55 and older. As the risk rises, so does the importance of staying healthy and physically fit. Regular doctor visits, normal body weight, a healthy diet, self-exams and cancer screening tests can all help to reduce the risk.

How you eat can help you fight against cancer, and a food like cabbage is incredibly healthy for you and very important if you’re trying to prevent getting sick. Cabbage is full of indole-3-carbinols and sulforphane (that stinky stuff), and this can help you to fight against certain types of cancer.

If your doctor has said the word “cancer” to you, it is not time to freak out. There are a great many types of cancer, some of them are much stronger than others. It is important to listen to everything the doctor has to say to see exactly how grave your situation is.

Different Types Of Cancer.

Be screened for different types of cancer, including skin, colon, prostate, cervical and breast cancer. The earlier you find out that you have cancer, the better your chances will be of fighting the disease. Talk with your doctor to find out which screenings you should have and when you should do them.It is important to be aware of and recognize cancer symptoms. Knowing the signs and symptoms will help you to know what to look for as changes begin.

Anyone over the age of 50 should be receiving at least an annual screening for types of cancer like colon cancer. This is around the time that most people will get colon cancer, so it is very important that you work to catch this in time. Over 90 percent of all people diagnosed with colon cancer are over the age of 50.

Make sure that you are up-to-date on your immunizations. Viral infections can have an impact on certain types of cancer so ask your doctor whether you have received all the necessary immunizations. In particular find out whether you have the Hepatitis B and HPV immunizations; these can help prevent liver cancer and cervical cancer.

Don’t treat your diagnosis as a death sentence. There are many types of cancer that are highly treatable. Even if yours isn’t one of them, there are always a percentage of people who beat the odds – that’s why they’re presented as percentages. Follow your treatment plan and take loving care of yourself. Aim for the highest quality life attainable to you.

Expressing your love for someone with cancer doesn’t always have to be done vocally. You can simply be there for a person physically to assist them and to show your moral support. Some types of cancer are incredibly rough, and the patient might not be able to care for him or herself. Make sure you’re there for them.

Eating a diet high in grapes can help you to prevent certain types of cancer. The polyphenols and resveratrol contained in grapes can help prevent the damage of cells and also the growth of cancer. You can receive the benefits of grapes by eating them whole or drinking juice, but avoid the concentrated stuff with added sugar.

Types Of Cancer That Are Related To Tobacco And Alcohol Use.

There are several cancers that are related to tobacco and alcohol use. Among them are cancers of the lungs, liver, mouth and throat. As you can see, there is a significant risk involved when people choose to smoke and drink alcohol to excess. You can decrease your risk of many types of cancer by not smoking, chewing tobacco and drinking alcohol.

Because the chemicals in cigarettes circulate throughout the entire body, smoking increases the incidence of pancreatic cancer as well as cancer of the bladder. Smoking and heavy use of alcohol can also cause an increase in the incidence of mouth, throat, and esophageal cancers. Smokeless tobacco has many of the same chemicals that cigarettes contain, and it also increases the risk of oral cancer.

How to Treat Cancer with Surgery

Developing the right treatment plan for cancer patients typically requires a team of medical professionals. This may include general physicians, surgeons, radiation therapists, social workers, nurses, and more. The only way to answer the question of how to treat cancer is to first examine several factors like age, the lifecycle of the disease, size of cancerous growth and general health of the patient. All of these must all be considered before a treatment plan can be formed.

The vast majority of cancers may be identified through either symptoms or screening. Typically, a pathologist will perform a variety of tests to confirm the existence of cancer cells. Blood tests, CT scans and x-rays are examples of some of the tests that may be performed to help diagnose cancer.

The following is a list of the various classifications of cancer:

* Sarcoma
* Carcinoma
* Lymphoma
* Leukemia
* Germ cell tumor
* Blastoma

A sarcoma is a type of cancer that originates in the connective tissue, such as bone or cartilage. Carcinoma is a broad term for the cancer that invades epithelial cells like those found in the prostate or lungs. Both lymphoma and leukemia are found in blood cells, while germ cell tumors originate in pluripotent cells like the testicles or ovaries. Finally, blastomas are found in embryonic and immature cells.

There are four major types of cancer treatments that are commonly used today. These include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and palliative care. The type of treatment that is administered will be determined by a number of factors.

How to Treat Cancer

Surgery may be used to identify or remove cancerous growth within healthy tissue. This is the most common method of treating and even eliminating cancer. Initially, a biopsy may be performed to extract a segment of the growth for further testing. After the growth has been positively identified as cancer, then it may be surgically removed. Some locations respond better to surgery than others. Finally, it is important to note that surgery may be combined with chemotherapy or radiation therapy to eliminate additional cancer cells and prevent relapse from occurring.

How to Treat Cancer with Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy utilizes radioactive beams or implants to either cure the cancer or control its growth. This type of therapy may be either internally or externally administered. External radiation therapy typically does not require any surgical incision and can be very precisely targeted on tumors. Internal therapy requires implantation of small radioactive devices at or near the site of the growth and emits a calibrated dosage of radiation. Radiation therapy is used in about 50% of all cancer treatments.

How to Treat Cancer with Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves heavily concentrated dosages of medication to destroy the DNA of cancer cells. This type of therapy is associated with significant side effects as healthy cells may be disrupted as well. Common side effects of chemotherapy include hair loss, weakened immune system and lowered red and white blood cell counts. Chemotherapy is often used with surgery in order to treat breast cancer, testicular cancer, pancreatic cancer and other types of this disease.

How to Treat Cancer with Palliative Care

Palliative care is a broad term used to describe any non-curative procedures and treatment options that are mainly designed to prolong the patient’s life and improve their condition. Pain relief medications, development of coping mechanisms and supplements designed to reduce nausea and vomiting are all considered forms of palliative care.

How to Treat Cancer with Alternative Treatments

There are a tremendous amount of alternative treatments of cancer that have not been approved by government agencies. Various herbal supplement regimens, diet changes and other experimental treatments are available but largely unregulated. Some are simply used to manage the side effects of traditional treatments. For example, medical marijuana is a controversial alternative treatment that some people use to ease the nausea associated with chemotherapy.

Cancer can be a fatal disease, especially if the proper care is not administered early on. It is been said that around 50% of people who receive treatment for invasive cancers survive, although this number varies significantly depending on the type of cancer involved. Even so, prevention IS possible with many types of this disease. For example, smoking cessation has been shown to reduce the risk of developing cancer significantly.

When it comes to answering the question of how to treat cancer, there is no easy solution. The options must be considered carefully and discussed thoroughly with physicians. It’s extremely beneficial to have family members, friends and medical professionals to help you manage the disease and cope with the impact it has on your life. The 21st century has experienced several breakthroughs in the treatment of cancer and this one reason why patients have more reason to hope than ever before.